According the National Alliance on Mental Illness (2016), 1 in 5 adults will experience mental illness each year–that’s 20% of the American population. Examples of mental illness include anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and schizophrenia. Like other chronic conditions are marked by behavioral and biological components.
- Pick a mental illness and briefly describe it.
- Describe both the behavioral and biological components of the disease. What treatment options exist for each component of the disease?
Mental illness refers to a wide range of conditions that affect a person’s thinking, emotions, behavior, and overall mental health. These conditions can vary in severity, duration, and impact on a person’s life.
Examples include anxiety disorders, depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, personality disorders, eating disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), among others.
It can be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. They can also be triggered by traumatic events, chronic stress, or substance abuse.
Symptoms of mental illness can vary depending on the specific condition but may include changes in mood, perception, behavior, and cognition. These symptoms can interfere with a person’s ability to function at work, school, or in social situations.
Treatments can include therapy, medication, or a combination of both. It is important to seek professional help if you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms as early intervention can improve outcomes and quality of life.
Effects of mental illness
Mental illness can have a wide range of effects on a person’s life, including:
- Emotional effects: It can cause a person to experience intense and often overwhelming emotions, such as sadness, anxiety, fear, anger, or despair. These emotions can interfere with a person’s ability to function and negatively impact their quality of life.
- Behavioral effects: It can also lead to changes in a person’s behavior. They may become more withdrawn, have difficulty concentrating, have trouble sleeping or eating, or engage in risky or self-destructive behaviors.
- Social effects: It can make it difficult for a person to interact with others and form relationships. It may cause them to isolate themselves from others or have difficulty maintaining social connections.
- Occupational effects: It can impact a person’s ability to perform their job or attend school regularly, which can lead to financial difficulties and further impact their mental health.
- Physical effects: It can also have physical effects on the body, such as headaches, stomach problems, and muscle tension.
It is important to seek professional help if you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms as early intervention can improve outcomes and quality of life.