Pt is a 30y/o AA female, who is a new patient that has recently moved to Miami and she is concerned about her gynecological health. She seeks treatment today after unsuccessful self-treatment of vaginal itching, burning upon urination, and lower abdominal pain. She is concerned for the presence of a vaginal or bladder infection, or an STD. Pt denies fever. She reports the itching and burning with urination has been present for 3 weeks, and the abdominal pain has been intermittent since months ago. Pt has tried OTC products for the itching, including Monistat and Vagisil. She denies any other urinary symptoms, including urgency or frequency. She describes the abdominal pain as either sharp or dull. The pain level goes as high as 8 out of 10 at times. 200mg of PO Advil PRN reduces the pain to a 7/10. Pt denies any aggravating factors for the pain. Pt reports that she did start her menstrual cycle this morning, but denies any other discharge other that light bleeding beginning today. Pt denies douching or the use of any vaginal irritants. She reports that she is in a stable sexual relationship, and denies any new sexual partners in the last 90 days. She denies any recent or historic known exposure to STDs. She reports the use of condoms with every coital experience, as well as this being her only form of contraceptive. She reports normal monthly menstrual cycles that last 3-4 days. She reports dysmenorrhea, which she also takes Advil for. She reports her last PAP smear was in 7/2016, was normal, and reports never having an abnormal PAP smear result. Pt denies any hx of pregnancies. Other medical hx includes GERD. She reports that she has an Rx for Protonix, but she does not take it every day. Her family hx includes the presence of DM and HTN.
Abdomen flat; BS active in all 4 quadrants. Abdomen soft, suprapubic tender. No hepatosplenomegaly.
Suprapubic tenderness noted. Skin color normal for ethnicity. Irritation noted at labia majora, minora, and perineum. No ulcerated lesions noted. Lymph nodes not palpable. Vagina pink and moist without lesions. Discharge minimal, thick, dark red, no odor. Cervix pink without lesions. No CMT. Uterus normal size, shape, and consistency.
Full ROM seen in all 4 extremities as patient moved about the exam room.
Urinalysis – blood noted (pt. on menstrual period), but results negative for infection
Urine culture testing unavailable
Wet prep – inconclusive
STD testing pending for gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, HIV, HSV 1 & 2, Hep B & C
o Urinary tract infection, site not specified. (N39.0) Candidiasis of vulva and vagina. (B37.3) secondary to presenting symptoms (Colgan & Williams, 2011) & (Hainer & Gibson, 2011).
- Medication –
- Terconazole cream 1 vaginal application QHS for 7 days for Vulvovaginal Candidiasis;
- Sulfamethoxazole/TMP DS 1 tablet PO twice daily for 3 days for UTI (Woo & Wynne, 2012)
- Education –
- Medications prescribed.
- UTI and Candidiasis symptoms, causes, risks, treatment, prevention. Reasons to seek emergent care, including N/V, fever, or back pain.
- STD risks and preventions.
- Ulcer prevention, including taking Protonix as prescribed, not exceeding the recommended dose limit of NSAIDs, and not taking NSAIDs on an empty stomach.
- Follow-up –
- Pt will be contacted with results of STD studies on GYNECOLOGICAL HEALTH
- Return to clinic when finished the period for perform pap-smear or if symptoms do not resolve with prescribed TX.